Leather Characteristics

Leather Terminology

Top Grain
Top grain leathers are produced using the outer layer or the epidermis of the hide. The fiber structure of a top grain leather is compact which gives it a higher tensile strength or resistance to tear, a softer feel, and a wonderful draping quality. Top grain leathers offer the best quality and durability available in upholstery.

Full Grain
Full Grain simply means that the natural grain of the hide remains unaltered. Just as our finger prints vary, so too will the natural grain of the hide. Thus, grain variations are clearly visible. Also clearly visible will be any natural markings such as healed scars, insect bites, neck, and belly wrinkles, etc. These markings are a testament to the leather’s authenticity.

Corrected Grain
Corrected Grain is the term used to describe leathers where the natural grain of the animal’s skin has been removed, and an artificial grain has been embossed or imprinted in the hide.

Leather Characteristics

Pure Aniline

  • Extremely soft hand or feel. Naked to the touch.
  • Offers no resistance to staining and soiling from body oils and liquids
  • Hides are aniline dyed al the wy through for final color
  • Only 3% to 5% of raw material in the world is acceptable for making Pure Anilines
  • Shade variation common from hide to hide and within each hide
  • Natural markings are clearly visible (e.g. brands, insect bites, healed scars)
  • Natural grain of skin remains (i.e. Full Grain) making grain variation visible
  • Fat wrinkles, stretch marks and backbone are visible adding natural beauty
  • Will fade if exposed to direct sunlight for prolonged periods of time

Semi-Aniline

  • Soft, buttery hand. Not as "natural" or naked as Pure Anilines and Nubuks
  • Offers some resistance to staining and soiling from body oils and liquids
  • Hides are aniline dyed all the way through for base color
  • Light protective top coat applied (wax/polyurethane)for protection and color
  • Shade variation common from hide to hide and within each hide
  • Natural markings are clearly visible (e.g. brands, insect bites, healed scars)
  • Natural grain of skin remains (i.e. Full Grain) making grain variation visible
  • Fat wrinkles, stretch marks and backbone are visible adding natural beauty
  • Will fade if exposed to direct sunlight for prolonged periods of time

Protected Full Grain - Fully Pigmented

  • Softest hand available in a fully pigmented (painted) leather due to natural grain
  • Offers very high resistance to staining and soiling from body oils and liquids
  • Hides are aniline dyed all the way through for base color
  • Protective, pigmented topcoat applied for final color and protection
  • No shade variation
  • Minimal visibility of natural markings such as brands, insect bites, healed scars
  • Natural grain of skin remains (i.e. Full Grain) making grain variation visible
  • Fat wrinkles, stretch marks and backbone are not visible
  • Less susceptible to fading than Pure Anilines, Nubuks and Semi-Anilines

Protected Corrected Grain - Fully Pigmented

  • Least natural hand due to artificially embossed grain
  • Offers very high resistance to staining and soiling from body oils and liquids
  • Hides are aniline dyed all the way through for base coat color
  • Protective, pigmented topcoat applied for final color and protection
  • No shade variation
  • No natural markings visible such as brands, insect bites, healed scars
  • No grain variation
  • Fat wrinkles, stretch marks and backbone are not visible
  • Less susceptible to fading than Pure Anilines, Nubuks and Semi-Anilines